The Many Facets to Meter Proving and Testing

Basically, meter proving is when the accuracy of a meter is tested. When we talk about meter proving there are lots of elements and the stats might change on impulse depending on the model of meter and technique of testing. For instance, a gas meter prover assesses the accuracy for gas meters.. It’s not as simple as you might think anytime meter proving, the provers have to assess and then compare with pre-calculated data as per their guide.

Meter proving and meter testing differ. Here’s why.

Anytime a qualified professional is confirming the correctness of the meter this is called meter proving. Points like verifying the proper quantity of disbursement to the meter results itself. Meter proving is achieved by contrasting the service meter to a accredited prover (master meter, dynamic or tank prover) which is traceable to a domestic meteorology institute including NIST. One of the more typical forms of proving is actually for fluid hydrocarbon and this is especially the case in pipelines carrying the gas. Particular prover joints are required right at the metering station permitting parallel measurement of the fluid in both the devices.

Ever since the early 1900s, bell provers had been the many typical resource criterion utilized in gas meter proving, and has presented guidelines for the gas field that is unfortunately vulnerable to all sorts of immeasurable issues.

There are many design criteria for calibration systems. These can sometimes include, but are not limited to, volumetric methods, gravimetric techniques, and master meter comparison. These processes can produce outcomes with a doubt of better than 4-to-1 as compared with the meter become tested.

In addition, there are requirements that rule and involve the calibration system that is entire. NIST and ISO 17025 define criteria and needs with varying quantities of sophistication for calibration facilities and procedures. Brent Gerds is a meter prover and Fort St. John turnarounds and maintenance specialist – he claims his best tool is the field documents NIST provides to ensure compliance at all time. The National Institute of Standards and Technologies, or NIST, defines requirements for traceability that real time using the lab that is individual upkeep or self-compliance. ISO 17025 is a more rigorous, third-party official certification. This standard includes the whole calibration system and produces metrics for the calibration rig components, administrative systems for procedure operations, personnel proficiency, and paperwork supporting the traceability and total measurement question for the calibration center that is entire. ISO 17025 standards ensure the known level that is greatest of self- confidence in accuracy and repeatability.

Gas provers verify gas meters considering that they are definitely the many frequent.Provers are frequently made use of gas meter maintenance companies, public gas meter shops, and public works service centers. The system where by meter proving workers assess the accuracy and reliability of a meter simply by transferring air through and after that reviewing those results to the meter’s own interior displacement. The prover then displays a proof, a rate depicted as a percent which compares the volume of air passed with the volume of air gauged to identify the meters precision.

As a Fox Creek turnaround contractors company, at Harvest we understand the importance of “getting it right” when it comes to proving.

Don Hebert, Harvest Oilfield Services Inc.

A bell prover has two layers, one internal tank encompassed by another external shell. There are actually two layers and while the outside layer is normally filled up with oil, the inside layer is called the bell. An air-tight is provided by the fluid seal. Bell provers are usually counterweighted to offer pressure that is positive to a hose and valve linked to a meter. We frequently see rollers for the bell that allows for soft linear motion devoid of risk of endangering the pressure developed by the bell seal shifting.

Uncertainness frequently experienced, and perhaps unaccounted-for within a test when using bell provers could bring about flawed proofs, by which an operator may possibly modify a gas meter incorrectly. Temperature inconsistencies among the bell air, meter and linking hoses can perhaps account for many meter proof errors. hardware, human, insecure pipes and joints, are commonly things that could also be to be blamed for inconsistencies.

Technologies has advanced an awful lot now, with the creation of PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers), maintenance shops might automate the bell proving process. This is realized using automated methods of elevating and lowering the bell prover. Every one of the automated techniques are aided by serving relevant data in to a computer to see the results. In the early 1990s, the PLC was upgraded by PACs (Programmable Automated Controls) and modern computer systems. Eventually they add more digital sensors that would permit for additional automation and reducing more the need for humans in the testing function.

As everyone knows, technologies is in continual flux and improving day-to-day. Now we have got the capability to test flow rates with consistency never seen before by employing vacuum provers. Moreover these advances eliminated the requirement of a bell in testing as everything can be done through the nozzles. When sufficient vacuum is applied to a sonic nozzle it creates a constant flow rate. Bernoulli’s principle is applied to calculate the chosen flow rates chosen by the user or automated by a computer. Automation of proving is excellent with respect to analyzing live incoming data thru internal networks that is collected from the PAC devices.

Intricate Energy Services is an electrical and instrumentation company in Fort St. John and they understand the importance of getting it right the first time. When it comes to an industry like oil and gas there’s no room for error and all incoming data must be precise to ensure the coinciding outgoing results are accurate to a T.

Meter Proving VS Meter Testing by Intricate Group

Put simply, meter proving is when the precision of a meter is tested. The considerations for Meter Proving and the anticipated results can vary based on the diverse kinds of meters employing unique features. For instance a propane meter prover checks the correctness linked with a propane gas meter. Various meter provers like to confirm their readings with a preset scope as defined in the guides.

Meter proving and meter testing are not the same. This is why.

Anytime a skilled expert is investigating the accuracy and reliability of the meter this is whats called “meter proving“. Items like confirming the recommended amount of disbursement to the meter reading itself. The moment the information has been obtained from the meter proving professional, he/she then compares that data to domestic meteorology data widely obtainable through institutions such as the National Institute for Standards and technologies. Among the more popular forms of proving is actually fluid hydrocarbon and this is particularly the case within pipelines carrying this gas. More widespread than not provers have data supplied from meter station workers to assess their data outcome with.

Ever since the early 1900s, bell provers have many certainly been the most prevalent resource standard utilized in gas meter proving, and has made available guidelines for the gas sector that’s sadly subject to a whole lot of non-measurable issues.

And then we have got the more common gas meter proving professional whom checks and confirms gas meters.The many prevalent applications of gas provers are the ones from municipalities and public works.The function whereby meter proving experts determine the precision of a meter simply by transferring air through thereafter analyzing those outcome to the meter’s own internal displacement. After that is performed the prover (meter) then provides the data he/she recorded in the per cent of air passed to compared to the value depicted on the meter’s own.

meter proving

Image courtesy of Intricate Group

A bell prover has two layers, one internal tank enclosed by yet another outside shell. There’s two layers and while the outside layer is ordinarily loaded with oil, the inside layer is known as the bell. The fluid is there to behave as a air-tight seal for testing. Bell provers are oftentimes counter-weighted to give pressure that is positive to a line and valve joined to a meter. Often times wheels or guides are mounted on the part that is moving of bell which makes it possible for for smooth linear mobility devoid of the potential for immeasurable pressure differentials as a consequence of the bell swaying back or forth.

There is plenty of assorted aspects of consideration anytime meter testing using bells. Things like air pressure level, temperatures and certainly the data of the bell size alone. Here’s the simple fact, bell scales are tailored for a unique bell and can possibly be employed on no other. Meter proving is exceptionally technical. The prover should give consideration to lots of elements such as for instance flow rate, leakage, sealed devices, air flow and fluid flow. All to end up being validated against trade set standards.

Harvest Oilfield Services, a boiler company in Whitecourt, Canada, is a division of Intricate Group, had this to say…

A prover is an automated system that provides on-site calibration to ensure flow meters in service to adhere to industry standard criteria. We pride ourselves in being the “go to” company throughout Alberta and British Columbia.

meter testing

Image courtesy of Intricate Group

The development of programmable logic controllers (PLC) allowed gas meter repair facilities to automate the majority of of the manual bell prover’s process and calculations. Instead of manually elevating and lowering the bell prover, solenoid valves connected to a PLC controls air flows through the meter. This is how we operate when meter proving in Calgary, AB, our central location. As is the majority of automation, computers process data inputed to them using testers. Since the 90s, computers and PAC (Programmable Automated Controls) had been utilized. In time they add more digital detectors that would allow for additional automation and limiting more the need for humans in the testing process.

Presently we have advanced and boast vacuum driven provers that have the means to provide us with very valid flow readings. Furthermore these breakthroughs eliminated the requirement of a bell in testing as everything could possibly be done through the nozzles. whenever testing utilizing machine-controlled methods with vacuum, this is achieved with a sonic nozzle and confirmed against industry standards like Bernoulli’s principle. Computers and PAC systems automate the process, and many sonic nozzle provers are efficient at displaying not only meter proofs to a user, but are also capable of transmitting proofs as well as some other important data to database systems throughout a computer network.

3 Reasons Why Investing In Oil And Gas Industry Is Risky

As an investor, you should do a thorough research on the industry you are going to invest in. Like many other industries, there are huge opportunities to make money in the oil and gas industry. The demand for these products is increasing and companies are looking for investors to join them. However, there are some risks involved.

1. Government regulations

The oil and gas industry is a highly regulated industry. There are different strict government rules that companies have to follow. So, sometimes investing in these companies may not be as profitable as it seems. The production may not be optimum for adhering to the strict government guidelines.

2. Geological risks

The sites that are easy to drill have already been found. Now companies are going towards regions that are difficult to access. So, unconventional drilling methods need to be used sometimes. Also, companies may not extract the amount of oil they had estimated on those sites.

3. Cost

The cost of drilling may become very high due to the use of unconventional drilling methods. Lots of expensive equipment and new technology may be required to perform the drilling works. So, the overall project may become too expensive.

Before you invest in this industry, you should weigh all these risks and decide whether it’s a good time to invest now or not. Once a project starts, it’s usually not possible to stop it even if you incur too much risk or cost. So, take your decision wisely.

5 Major Environmental Impacts of an Offshore Oil Drilling Operation

There has been a catastrophic event in 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico. This incident has increased concern about the safety of oil drilling operation.  Oil spilling can have a huge negative effect on the environment. Here are the major environmental impacts of the offshore drilling operation.

Affects marine life

If oil is spilled accidentally during the drilling operation then the marine life will be affected. Seismic waves used during seismic survey also affect the marine life. Sharks are very sensitive to these waves. The noise produced during the survey can affect the health of these fishes.

Affects the seafloor

This drilling operation can damage the seafloor. The undersea pipelines, drill rigs, etc. can have a severe permanent effect on the sea floor. The drilling operation might destroy the ocean floor habitats. These habitats are good sources of oil and gas. So, you shouldn’t do any harm to them.

Water pollution

The drilling fluid can be toxic. It affects marine life by disrupting the food chain. Oil spills during drilling cause water pollution. High amount of toxic chemical can get into the water.

Changes wildlife migration routes

In the drilling sites lots there can be lots of traffic. The noise that is created during the drilling operation affects wildlife. Their migration routes may be affected.

Changes landscape

Drilling operations need heavy equipment like bulldozers. These may affect the vegetation and leave permanent damage on the road. It can increase erosion as well.

These consequences can be alarming. The oil companies should be more careful when conducting their drilling operations. They must reduce the impact of the environment.

4 Health Hazards Associated With oil and gas drilling

Oil and gas drilling is one of the toughest profession to take up. There are lots of risks associated with this work. Here are the major health hazards related to this job.

Long hours of work

Workers need to work on a 12-hour shift in a very uncomfortable environment. The weather in the middle of the sea can be unpredictable and no matter what the condition is you will need to keep on working. Also, they have to stay 7 to 14 days in the rig, away from the shore. The work can be very strenuous.

Using heavy equipment

Workers often need to lift heavy equipment in these drilling operations. The equipment may fall if mishandled and cause major accidents.

Fires and explosions

Explosions may occur suddenly and the consequence can be dangerous. If the fire or explosion is a major one then many people may die as there is hardly anything that can be done offshore to prevent such explosions.

Working with chemicals

Workers may have to handle hazardous chemicals which include drilling fluids, silica, diesel exhaust hydrogen sulfide, mercury, etc.Long term exposure to these chemicals may pose health risks. There must be proper guidance to handle these chemicals.

Workers must wear appropriate gears like a helmet, gloves, goggles, etc. while doing the drilling works. They should follow all the safety procedures to work to minimize the levels of these health hazards.